Today I'd would like to show you an incredible sound: music and dance: TARANTELLA and PIZZICA.
Tarantella becomes from the name of spider.
Some time ago, in the folk culture, in Puglia persons belief that some spiders called 'Tarantola' from the town of Salento , Taranto,trasmitted a sickness and the only treatment was: to dance ; the "Tarantella" or "Pizzica", that means little-bite.
I remember very well that in some old TV programs just from all '50's and '60's this belief was very live: as some orror films old women has paroxisms... very incredible.
Unfortunatley I don't find these old documents but as soon as possible I'll pubblic its in my Blog on old religions and pagan beliefs [update: this is the link where You can find a Full Documentary on Pizzica in English language ].
To don't forget these traditions ( the treatment become an art) just from few years Apulia region organise The nigh of Tatanta and now the director is one of member of PFM Mauro Pagani one of Sanremo concert band's director worked with De Andrè, Daniele Silvestri, Negramaro and many others.
That manifestation now is developed in all Apulia and now, if you go in August in Apulia you can certnly see a concert of Tarantella.
PS: I add here only 6 videos: 'taranta' must 'to live', I hope you, one day, can go to Salento and to see that incredible show, "La notte della Taranta" (The night of Taranta) .
Famous musicians composed Tarantella:
- Benjamin Britten wrote a tarantella as the third movement of his Sinfonietta for Chamber Orchestra, Op. 1.
- Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco wrote a Tarantella for solo guitar, Op. 87b
- Frédéric Chopin wrote a Tarantelle in A-flat, Op. 43 with the characteristic 6/8 time signature. It was inspired specifically by Rossini's's song "La Danza"
- John Corigliano wrote a Tarantella as the fourth movement of his Gazebo Dances.
- Claude Debussy wrote a piece called "Danse (Tarantelle styrienne)."
- Leopold Godowsky transcribed Chopin's Etude Op. 10, No. 5 "Black Key" into a tarentella for the piano.
- Helmut Lachenmann's twelfth movement of Tanzsuite mit Deutschlandlied (1979–80) is Tarantelle.
- Franz Liszt composed a piece called "Tarantella, Venezia e Napoli" (No. 3 from Années de pèlerinage, 2nd Year: Italy), which is in a rapid tempo also in 6/8 time.
- Felix Mendelssohn wrote a piece called "Tarantella" in 1845 (Op. 102, No. 3). The final movement of his Italian Symphony is in the form of a tarantella.
- David Popper wrote a piece called Tarantella (Op. 33), written in 6/8 time.
- The fourth of Sergei Prokofiev's twelve easy pieces for piano—Musique d'Enfants, Op. 65—is a Tarantella.
- Sergei Rachmaninoff's Suite No. 2 for Two Pianos, Op. 17, features a tarantella for its finale.
- Gioachino Rossini's song "La Danza" is a Neapolitan tarantella.
- Camille Saint-Saëns composed "Tarantella" Op. 6 in A minor for flute, clarinet and orchestra, or for flute, clarinet and piano. He also transcribed this piece for two pianos.
- The last movement of the Piano Concerto No. 2 in G minor by Camille Saint-Saëns is a tarantella.
- Pablo de Sarasate composed an Introduction and Tarantella for violin.
- Franz Schubert's Death and the Maiden Quartet uses a tarantella in the frenetic fourth movement.
- Franz Schubert's Piano Sonata in C minor, last movement, is a tarantella/rondo.
- The fourth movement of Schubert's Symphony No. 3 is also a tarantella, but following the Sonata form.
- William Henry Squire wrote a tarantella for cello in D minor.
- The firth movement of Igor Stravinsky's Suite italienne is a tarantella.
- Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's Capriccio Italien ends in a frenzied variation of a tarantella. Also, one of his Pas de Deux in The Nutcracker features a tarantella.
- Mark-Anthony Turnage composed a violin concerto entitled Mambo, Blues and Tarantella in 2007, with the tarantella being the finale.
- Henryk Wieniawski composed a well-known violin masterpiece, called Scherzo-Tarantella, Op. 16
- Tarantella for Piano and Orchestra was composed by American composer Michael Glenn Williams for pianist Sean Chen
- The last movement of Malcolm Williamson's Sinfonietta (1965) is a tarantella.
- Albert Pieczonka wrote the classical piece titled Tarantella.
- The main theme to the Alfred Hitchcock film North by Northwest, composed by Bernard Herrmann, is itself a tarantella. Herrmann claimed that he was inspired by lead actor Cary Grant, because he "walked like a tarantula." Grant's distinctive walk may perhaps be attributed to his pre-Hollywood years as a stiltwalker.